Download E-books Demanding Democracy: Reform and Reaction in Costa Rica and Guatemala, 1870s-1950s PDF

This ebook examines the origins of democracy and authoritarianism utilizing a unique coalitional method of research questions: What are the stipulations lower than which actors came upon democracy? What are the stipulations conducive to its persistence? The ebook explores those questions through reading the situations of Costa Rica and Guatemala. Costa Rica is the longest-standing and arguably the main reliable democracy in Latin the United States, whereas Guatemala has one of the longest and so much brutal files of authoritarian rule in Latin America

The author’s clean reinterpretation of those circumstances demonstrates that ahead of the 1950’s, the 2 nations greatly comparable styles of political swap and improvement, together with seven many years of Liberal authoritarian rule starting within the 1870’s, slightly below a decade of democratic reforms within the 1940’s, and short yet consequential counterreform hobbies that overthrew the democratic regimes at mid-twentieth century. Why did Costa Rica emerge with an everlasting political democracy and Guatemala with authoritarian rule following those extensively related ancient trajectories? Demanding Democracy argues that the democratizing coalition’s luck in Costa Rica and its failure in Guatemala rested upon its potential to redistribute elite estate early on and to workout powerful political keep watch over of the countryside.

The book’s certain theoretical method integrates an research of the stipulations fostering democracy with these conducive to its persistence. In doing so, it bridges arguments that concentrate on democratic transitions and people who specialize in their consolidation. furthermore, it strikes past debates in regards to the function of constitution and business enterprise in those strategies by way of targeting the interaction among old associations that prefer authoritarian rule and the political coalitions that paintings to remake these associations in methods consonant with democracy.

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