Category «France»

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Download E-books Figurationen Des Staates in Deutschland Und Frankreich 1870-1945. Les Figures de L'Etat En Allemagne Et En France (Pariser Historische Studien) (German Edition) PDF

Der Staat ist ein zentraler geschichts- und sozialwissenschaftlicher Topos in Deutschland wie in Frankreich. In der vergleichenden Forschung zu beiden Ländern taucht er hingegen so intestine wie nicht auf. Der vorliegende Band zielt auf diese Lücke. Er vereint aktuelle Forschungen zur Geschichte des Staates in Deutschland und Frankreich von 1870 bis 1945, zu jener part, in der nicht nur der Staat als regulierender Faktor der Gesellschaft, sondern auch die Wissenschaft vom Staat ihre größte Entfaltung in der Moderne erfuhren. Neben vergleichenden stehen einander "kreuzende" Beiträge, die Texte deutscher Autoren über Frankreich und französischer Autoren über Deutschland enthalten.

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Download E-books Histoire de la Rome antique: Les armes et les mots PDF

By Lucien Jerphagnon

Rome, maîtresse du monde. Les douze siècles de l’histoire romaine ont longtemps constitué le passage obligé d’une éducation humaniste. Ils pâtissent aujourd’hui des clichés et des anachronismes répandus par le cinéma et le roman. Aristocrates républicains idéalisés en défenseurs des libertés modernes, empereurs rabaissés au rang de tyrans maniaques, premiers chrétiens confinés dans l’obscurité des catacombes. Autant de généralités hâtives que Lucien Jerphagnon s’emploie à combattre, avec un bonheur d’écriture, une densité de réflexion et un humour souvent corrosif qui sont un véritable régal.
Synthèse d’histoire politique, militaire, sociale et intellectuelle, nourrie des derniers acquis de los angeles recherche, ce livre est aussi une vaste fresque où se côtoient grands seigneurs, mécènes, poètes et philosophes. Tous ont contribué à bâtir cette civilisation fascinante dont l’héritage imprègne, aujourd’hui encore, notre pensée et notre langage.
 
Spécialiste de l. a. pensée grecque et romaine, Lucien Jerphagnon a notamment publié dans l. a. assortment « Pluriel » Au bonheur des sages, Les Divins Césars, Histoire de l. a. pensée, Mes leçons d’antan et Les dieux ne sont jamais loin.

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Download E-books The Napoleonic Wars (1): The rise of the Emperor 1805-1807: Rise of the Emperor, 1805-1807 v. 1 (Guide to...) PDF

Whereas Napoleon ready his military, at the coast of France, for an invasion of britain that might by no means come, Russia and Austria ready to maneuver opposed to his rear. Napoleon became at the allies and beaten them in a single of history's maximum campaigns. the subsequent yr, he met the mythical military of Frederick the nice and annihilated it thoroughly. The yr after it was once Russia's flip back, and notwithstanding the northern wintry weather was once the key foe, it may well now not store the Tsar. the area, and conflict, could by no means be a similar back. The Empires of Russia, Austria, Prussia and Britain weren't susceptible. How had Napoleon performed this? Why have been his equipment, and his military, diverse?

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Download E-books A Rhetoric of Bourgeois Revolution: The Abbé Sieyes and What is the Third Estate? (Bicentennial Reflections on the French Revolution) PDF

What Is the 3rd Estate? used to be the main influential pamphlet of 1789. It did a lot to set the French Revolution on a appreciably democratic path. It additionally introduced its writer, the Abbé Sieyes, on a amazing political profession that spanned the full progressive decade. Sieyes either opened the revolution by way of authoring the nationwide Assembly’s statement of sovereignty in June of 1789 and closed it in 1799 via engineering Napoleon Bonaparte’s coup d’état.
This ebook reviews the robust rhetoric of the nice pamphlet and the intense yet enigmatic considered its writer. William H. Sewell’s insightful research finds the basic position performed through the hot discourse of political financial system in Sieyes’s inspiration and uncovers the thoughts through which this proficient rhetorician received the assent of his meant readers—educated and wealthy bourgeois who felt excluded by means of the the Aristocracy within the hierarchical social order of the previous regime. He additionally probes the contradictions and incoherencies of the pamphlet’s hugely polished textual content to bare fissures that stretch to the middle of Sieyes’s thought—and to the middle of the progressive venture itself.
Combining innovations of highbrow background and literary research with a deep knowing of French social and political historical past, Sewell not just models an illuminating portrait of a vital political record, yet outlines a clean point of view at the heritage of innovative political culture.

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Download E-books Strange Defeat PDF

A popular historian and Resistance fighter ― later performed by way of the Nazis ― analyzes at the beginning hand why France fell in 1940.

Marc Bloch wrote Strange Defeat in the course of the 3 months following the autumn of France, after he back domestic from army carrier. in the course of his suffering, he however "brought to his research of the drawback all of the serious school and the entire penetrating research of a main historian" (Christian technology Monitor). Bloch takes a detailed examine the army mess ups he witnessed, studying why France used to be not able to reply to assault speedy and successfully. He supplies a private account of the conflict of France, via a biting research of the iteration among the wars. His harsh end is that the fast reason for the catastrophe used to be the utter incompetence of the excessive Command, yet his research levels extensively, appraising all of the elements, social in addition to army, which considering that 1870 had undermined French nationwide solidarity. "Much has been, and may be, written in clarification of the defeat of France in 1940, however it turns out not going that the reality of the problem will ever be extra safely and extra vividly offered than during this assertion of evidence." ― P. J. Philip, New York occasions booklet Review "The such a lot wisdom-packed observation at the challenge set [before] all clever and patriotic Frenchmen via the occasions of 1940." ― D. W. Brogan, Spectator

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Download E-books Voices of Conscience: Royal Confessors and Political Counsel in Seventeenth-Century Spain and France PDF

Voices of Conscience analyzes how the hyperlink among politics and judgment of right and wrong used to be articulated and formed during the 17th century through confessors who acted as counsellors to monarchs. opposed to the backdrop of the momentous highbrow, theological, and political shifts that marked this era, the research examines relatively how the moral demanding situations of political motion have been faced in Spain and France and the way questions of sense of right and wrong turned an important argument within the hegemonic fight among the 2 competing Catholic powers.

As Nicole Reinhardt demonstrates, 'counsel of judgment of right and wrong' used to be now not a peripheral characteristic of early-modern political tradition, yet primary for the definition of politics and moral sense. Tracing the increase and fall of confessors as counsellors finds the parallel transformation of either, drawing close a ancient knowing of the modernisation of politics with the assumption of an 'individual judgment of right and wrong' at its middle. put on the junction of norms and practices, royal confessors, without delay or in indirect mirrored image, formed the ways that the royal sense of right and wrong was once pointed out and scrutinized. via an analogous token, the royal confessors' services and actions remained a resource of tension and clash that caused broad debate at the dating among kingdom and Church, faith and politics.

The idea of 'counsel of conscience', of which this e-book presents the 1st in-depth research, permits the reader to reconsider and problem basic historic paradigms akin to the emergence of 'absolutism', individualisation, and the department of private and non-private. placing theological ideas and spiritual dimensions again into political concept and perform sheds new mild, not just at the significance of counselling for early sleek statecraft, but in addition at the reconfiguration of the normative frameworks underlying it.

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Download E-books French Revolutionary Infantry 1789-1802 (Men-at-Arms) PDF

By Terry Crowdy

The years instantly following the French Revolution of 1789 observed a rare transformation of the French military. From a distrusted software of the feudal strength of the king and the Aristocracy, it grew to become the logo of liberty and citizenship. The transition used to be complicated and painful, because the remnants of the outdated expert military have been joined by means of a flood of civilian volunteers and conscripts, of whom even the simplest have been in need of every thing other than republican fervour. This ebook describes the phases of the rebirth that produced a military able to beating off part the monarchies of Europe, hence laying the principles for Napoleon's certain victories ten years later.

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Download E-books Rites and Passages: The Beginnings of Modern Jewish Culture in France, 1650-1860 (Jewish Culture and Contexts) PDF

By Jay R. Berkovitz

In September 1791, years after the Revolution, French Jews have been granted complete rights of citizenship. Scholarship has routinely all for this turning element of emancipation whereas usually overlooking a lot of what got here earlier than. In Rites and Passages, Jay R. Berkovitz argues that no severe therapy of Jewish emancipation can forget about the cultural background of the Jews in the course of the ancien régime. It was once throughout the past due 17th and eighteenth centuries that a number of lasting paradigms emerged in the Jewish community—including the excellence among rural and concrete groups, the formation of a robust lay management, heightened divisions among well known and elite faith, and the tension among neighborhood and local identities. every one of those advancements mirrored the growing to be pressure among culture and modernity prior to the tumultuous occasions of the French Revolution.

Rites and Passages emphasizes the resilience of non secular culture in periods of social and political turbulence. Viewing French Jewish heritage in the course of the lens of formality, Berkovitz describes the struggles of the French Jewish minority to take care of its cultural area of expertise whereas additionally engaging within the greater social and financial matrix. within the ancien régime, ritual platforms have been a formative point within the conventional worldview and served as a vital repository of stories and values. After the Revolution, ritual signaled adjustments within the method Jews with regards to the country, French society, and French tradition. within the towns specially, ritual assumed a performative functionality that dramatized the epoch-making alterations of the day. The phrases and ideas of the Jewish non secular culture hence remained significant to the discourse of modernization and performed a robust position in assisting French Jews interpret the varied meanings and implications of emancipation.

Introducing new and formerly unused basic resources, Rites and Passages bargains a clean viewpoint at the dynamic dating among culture and modernity.

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Download E-books The Abolition of Feudalism: Peasants, Lords, and Legislators in the French Revolution PDF

By John Markoff

One of crucial result of the French Revolution was once the destruction of the previous feudal order, which for hundreds of years had saved the typical humans of the nation-state topic to the lords. during this ebook, John Markoff addresses the ways that insurrectionary peasants and progressive legislators joined in bringing "the time of the lords" to an finish and the way, in that finishing, seigneurial rights got here to be primary to the very feel of the Revolution. He lines the interplay of peasants and legislators, displaying how they faced, challenged, and implicitly negotiated with each other throughout the process events.

Contrary to many historians who see the resource of innovative switch in elite tradition, Markoff argues that peasant revolt used to be a vital part of the transformation of France. Of specific significance to the learn is Markoff's research of the original cahiers de doléances, the lists of grievances drawn up in 1789 through rural groups, city notables, and nobles alike. those records are beneficial for realizing the Revolution, yet until eventually the pioneering paintings of Markoff and Gilbert Shapiro, they'd now not been studied systematically on the nationwide point. as well as an unparalleled quantitative research of the cahiers, Markoff lines the ebb and circulate of peasant insurrection throughout part a decade of innovative turbulence. He additionally deals qualitative research via his use of the documents of the legislative debates in addition to the memoirs and journals of the legislators.

The Abolition of Feudalism breaks new flooring in charting styles of complaint and rebel in a single of crucial social and political upheavals in history.

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