Category «Europe»

Download E-books The Most Beautiful Wild Flowers of Turkey, Volume 1 and Volume 2 Turkiye'nin En Güzel Yaban Cicekleri 1. Cilt Ve 2. Cilt PDF

By Erdoğan Tekin

Quantity 1 and quantity 2 jointly in its personal slip-case.

This colourful wild vegetation booklet of Turkey was once produced because of Erdogan Tekin's critical related to in plant life and taking photos from a large region ; from Savsat to Milas ; from Semdinli to Uludag ; from the Toros mountains to the mountain meadows of Akseki over the last 25 years ant with nice contributions of pointed out botanists. the main Beatiful Wild vegetation Of Turkey was once ready either in Turkish and English within the comparable advisor. Designed to arrive the right info simply and in shortest time attainable for all nature - fanatics in either languages. 1/10 flowers...1370 slides... an awesome journey one of the al shades of nature...

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Download E-books Medieval Polish Armies 966–1500 (Men-at-Arms) PDF

By David Nicolle, Witold Sarnecki, Gerry Embleton, Samuel Embleton

The background of Poland is an engaging examine of a humans suffering to accomplish nationhood within the face of inner and exterior enemies. Poland grew to become a unified Christian kingdom in advert 966 and through the twelfth century a knightly classification had emerged - a strength that was once necessary to the protection of Poland opposed to more and more widespread international invasions. purpose on crushing rival Christian states, the Templars, Hospitallers and Teutonic Knights all fastened assaults yet have been overwhelmed again via the Poles, as have been invading Mongols and Turks. This booklet unearths the association, apparatus and conflict histories of the medieval Polish armies as they constructed and modernized to become one of many dominant powers of japanese Europe.

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Download E-books The Just War in the Middle Ages (Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought: Third Series) PDF

By Frederick H. Russell

The 1st systematic try and reconstruct from unique manuscript assets and early revealed books the medieval doctrines when it comes to the simply struggle, the holy conflict and the campaign. regardless of the frequency of wars and armed conflicts during the process western heritage, no entire survey has formerly been made from the excuses of battle that have been elaborated by means of Roman legal professionals, canon attorneys and theologians within the 12th and 13th century universities. After a short survey of theories of the simply battle in antiquity, with emphasis on Cicero and Augustine, and of inspiration on early medieval battle, the principal chapters are dedicated to scholastics akin to Pope blameless IV, Hostiensis and Thomas Aquinas. Professor Russell makes an attempt to correlate theories of the simply battle with political and highbrow improvement within the heart a long time. His end evaluates the simply battle within the gentle of past due medieval and early glossy statecraft and poses questions on its compatibility with Christian ethics and its validity inside overseas legislation.

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Download E-books Night Noise Guidelines for Europe (Russian Edition) PDF

Environmental noise is a danger to public healthiness, having damaging affects on human health. This ebook experiences the wellbeing and fitness results of night noise publicity, examines dose-effects family, and provides meantime and supreme instruction values of evening noise exposure.

It bargains information to the policy-makers in lowering the wellbeing and fitness affects of evening noise, in accordance with specialist assessment of medical proof in Europe. The evaluate of clinical proof and the derivation of instruction values have been carried out via awesome scientists. The contents of the record have been peer-reviewed and mentioned for a consensus one of the specialists and the stakeholders. we're grateful in case you contributed to the advance and presentation of this guidance and think that this paintings will give a contribution to bettering the healthiness of the folk within the quarter.

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Download E-books The Story of the Moors in Spain PDF

By Stanley Lane-Poole

The tale of the Moors in Spain “reads like a dream.” below their rule, thrift and prosperity prevailed through the kingdom. “Palatial towns rose less than their hand. Aqueducts, rivaling these of the Roman Campagna, introduced the streams from the mountains to urban and box. nice districts, clearly sunburnt and barren, have been made by means of skilful irrigation to blossom into incredible fertility. below their rule Spain was once a wealthy, a wealthy, and, to an exceptional measure, a contented land. considerable profit in their monarchs enabled them to adopt and entire works of regal beauty, of which the popular Alhambra and the Mosque—now the Cathedral—of Cordova, with its thousand pillars of variegated marble, but ultimate after the desolations of centuries, are amazing examples. . . . Their universities have been of such big name that scholars from all Christian lands eagerly repaired to them. . . . In poetry and chic literature, they attained no inconsiderable success.” This ebook is especially skilful and fascinating presentation of that really good and adventurous story. The reader will specially worth the various very good illustrations and the plentiful quotation of the tale of the Cid. The writer's sympathies are absolutely, and maybe deservedly, with the Moors opposed to the Christians, very little become aware of being taken of the vices of slavery and of the harem inseparable from Moslem civilization. "The precise memorial of the Moors is seen," he says, " in desolate tracts of utter barrenness, the place as soon as the Moslem grew luxuriant vines and olives and yellow ears of corn; in a silly, ignorant inhabitants, the place as soon as wit and studying nourished; within the normal stagnation and degradation of a humans which has hopelessly fallen within the scale of countries, and has deserved its humiliation." So, too, the critic may perhaps upload, has fallen the as soon as remarkable civilization of Morocco, Algiers, and Tunis. The ebook furnishes a very good mixture of strong wisdom and literary grace. Lane-Poole writes: "THE heritage of Spain bargains us a depression distinction. Twelve hundred years in the past, Tarik the Moor additional the land of the Visigoths to the lengthy catalogue of kingdoms subdued by means of the Moslems. for almost 8 centuries, lower than her Mohammedan rulers, Spain set to all Europe a shining instance of a civilized and enlightened kingdom. Her fertile provinces, rendered doubly prolific by way of the and engineering ability of her conquerors, bore fruit an hundredfold. towns innumerable sprang up within the wealthy valleys of the Guadelquivir and the Guadiana, whose names, and names merely, nonetheless commemorate the vanished glories in their previous. artwork, literature, and technology prospered, as they then prospered nowhere else in Europe. scholars flocked from France and Germany and England to drink from the fountain of studying which flowed simply within the towns of the Moors. The surgeons and medical professionals of Andalusia have been within the van of technological know-how: girls have been inspired to commit themselves to critical learn, and the woman healthcare professional used to be now not unknown one of the humans of Cordova. arithmetic, astronomy and botany, background, philosophy and jurisprudence have been to be mastered in Spain, and Spain on my own. the sensible paintings of the sphere, the medical equipment of irrigation, the humanities of fortification and shipbuilding, the top and so much problematic items of the loom, the graver and the hammer, the potter's wheel and the mason's trowel, have been delivered to perfection by way of the Spanish Moors." CONTENTS: I. THE final OF THE GOTHS II. THE WAVE OF CONQUEST III. the folks OF ANDALUSIA IV. a tender PRETENDER V. THE CHRISTIAN MARTYRS VI. the good KHALIF VII. THE HOLY conflict VIII. town OF THE KHALIF IX. THE top MINISTER X. THE BERBERS IN strength XI. MY CID THE CHALLENGER XII. the dominion OF GRANADA XIII. the autumn OF GRANADA XIV. BEARING THE move

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Download E-books Working on the quality of working life: Developments in Europe (International Series on the Quality of Working Life) (Volume 8) PDF

In November 1975, the German Marshall Fund of the us agreed to aid a suggestion from the overseas Council for the standard of operating lifestyles for learn of 'cross-cultural com­ munication' on advancements linked to the standard of labor­ ing existence -a shared curiosity of the fund and the council. In early 1976 the council invited 4 motion researchers, each one from a tremendous language region in Europe Andreas Alioth, Switzerland and Germany; Max Elden, Norway and Sweden; Oscar Ortsman, France; and Rene van der Vlist, the Netherlands, to contemplate professional­ duction of a joint booklet which might make extra usually to be had, at foreign degrees, stories on leading edge Q. W. L. ex­ periences inside person eu nations. the most activity of the 4 'correspondents' used to be visible as facilitating the trade of stories throughout foreign obstacles -it was once left to them to choose which studies, how those might be communicated, and the way the undertaking itself might be equipped. In early March 1976, the 'correspondents' determined at their first assembly to go looking informally, via their present nationwide con­ tacts, for feedback as to what papers will be of worth to a bigger and extra foreign Q. W. L. readership. judgements at the char­ acter of the proposed publication booklet, and additional definition of the undertaking itself, have been at this element deferred. At their moment assembly, a few sixty feedback from six nations have been reviewed.

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Download E-books Europe after Enlargement PDF

The place is Europe going? during this 2007 assortment, a number of well-known eu economists supply essays at the 5 gigantic demanding situations to the advance of the ecu Union (EU). particularly, the recent eu structure, eu funds and the euro, the necessity to increase financial development, pageant in either new member states and international locations extra to the East, and the objective of forming a cooperative and effective dating with international locations at the ecu outer edge. The booklet comprises essays by way of Charles Wyplosz, who argues that growth and deepening aren't substitutes yet enhances; Vito Tanzi who questions the Keynesian starting place of the expansion and balance Pact; Daniel Gros, who criticises the achievements in the Lisbon time table, in addition to essays via Anders Aslund, who claims that Russian and Ukrainian oligarchs vary little from US 'robber barons'. the ultimate chapters talk about the EU's eu Neighbourhood coverage and long term monetary integration in Eurasia. indexed within the Economist best a hundred Books of 2007.

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Download E-books The Art of War in the Middle Ages: A.D. 378–1515 PDF

By Charles Oman, John Beeler

This background of medieval struggle, initially written in 1885 whilst its author―later one of many nice medievalists―was nonetheless an undergraduate at Oxford, continues to be for college students and common readers the most effective money owed of army artwork within the center a while among Adrianople in 378 A.D. (the such a lot apprehensive defeat suffered by way of a Roman military considering Cannae in 216 B.C.) and Marignano (1515 A.D.), the final of the triumphs of the medieval horseman. It was once broadly revised and edited via John H. Beeler in 1953 to include many new proof exposed because the overdue 19th century.

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