By Mohamed Ouerfelli
The subsequent research analyses the criteria in the back of the unfold of sugar cane from the East to the West, the geography of its institution within the Mediterranean period and reconstitutes the approaches of sugar creation and the agency of labor within the plantations and medieval sugar factories. It questions the standard of sugar produced and the evolution of costs of this commodity. It establishes the stipulations of its shipping and alternate. eventually, it stories the various makes use of of sugar, together with in medicins and diets. Sugar was once successful as a foodstuff stuff and have become an vital element within the confectionery and pastry, which embellished the tables of the royal courts. It remained a luxurious product reserved for the excessive society.
Download E-books National Relations: Public Diplomacy, National Identity and the Swedish Institute 1945-1970 PDF
By Nikolas Glover
In Stockholm in January of 1945, an meeting of Swedish diplomats and businessmen initiated a company that was once to enhance the country’s popularity in another country. the recent, semi-governmental Swedish Institute was once charged with explaining Sweden’s coverage of neutrality through the battle, with encouraging peace-building, and with selling international exchange within the new foreign international order. unique and insightful, this account analyzes the rules, investment, and nationwide narratives of the Swedish Institute. offering a ancient viewpoint at the politics of Swedish propaganda and explaining how rules of conversation formed the Institute’s paintings and its representations of Sweden, this checklist additionally deals a comparative viewpoint on American nationwide id and its inherent notions of nationwide exceptionalism.
By Jacques Riboud
The writer doesn't think that the governments of the ecu neighborhood - even if that they could agree at the topic - will reach enforcing the european as a check and reserve foreign money to be used within the EEC's exterior exchange. within the exterior marketplace the alternative of foreign money is loose and a new forex will purely be selected whether it is larger than all of the choices and if it's been effectively 'promoted'.
Download E-books Emotions, Language and Identity on the Margins of Europe (Palgrave Studies in the History of Emotions) PDF
While a note describing an emotion is expounded to be untranslatable, is that emotion untranslatable additionally? This specific examine makes a speciality of 3 word-concepts at the outer edge of Europe, supplying a wide-ranging survey of nationwide identification and cultural essentialism, nostalgia, depression and fatalism, the construction of reminiscence and the politics of wish.
Download E-books Economic Growth in Europe since 1945 by Nicholas Crafts (Editor), Gianni Toniolo (Editor) (18-Apr-1996) Paperback PDF
By Nicholas Crafts (editor), Gianni Toniolo (editor)
This quantity revisits the subject of postwar development armed not just with new theoretical principles, but in addition with the event of the Nineteen Eighties. Chapters hide Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Spain, France, eire, Italy, The Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, and the united kingdom.
Download E-books Battleground Europe : Channel Ports : Boulogne 20 Guards Brigade's Fighting Defence May 1940 PDF
By Jon Cooksey
Geïllustreerd / Illustrated / Illustré / Illustriert, Band wat verkleurd / Discolouration / 9780850528145 / / Engels / English / Anglais / Englisch / gentle conceal / 14 x 22 cm / 192 .pp /
By John Robertson
A foundational second within the background of recent ecu suggestion, the Enlightenment remains to be a reference element for philosophers, students and opinion-formers. To many it continues to be the foundation of our commitments to the betterment of the human situation. To others, it represents the elevation of 1 set of ecu values to the area, lots of whose peoples have really diverse values. yet what's the courting among the old Enlightenment and the assumption of 'Enlightenment', and will those understandings be reconciled?
In this Very brief Introduction, John Robertson bargains a concise old advent to the Enlightenment as an highbrow circulate of eighteenth-century Europe. Discussing its highbrow achievements, he additionally explores how its supporters exploited new methods of speaking their principles to a much wider public, making a new 'public sphere' for serious dialogue of the ethical, financial and political concerns dealing with their societies.
ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very brief Introductions sequence from Oxford college Press includes thousands of titles in nearly each topic region. those pocket-sized books are the ideal strategy to get forward in a brand new topic quick. Our specialist authors mix evidence, research, point of view, new principles, and exuberance to make fascinating and not easy subject matters hugely readable.
By Dmitry Aksenov ... et al. editor, Sarah Lloyd.
By A.T.Q. Stewart
Distilling a lifetime's scholarship, this meditation at the nature of heritage demanding situations hitherto sacrosanct assumptions approximately Ireland's previous. the writer explores the basic constitution of what's known as "Irish background" and asks provocative questions on renowned misconceptions. Even the place such misconceptions were refuted by means of educational study, the writer issues out, the data has no longer percolated into the final area simply because sleek historians, writing generally for each other, have misplaced the broader viewers. Criticizing his personal occupation for purporting to be clinical whereas principally ignoring the results of, for instance, medical archaeology, Stewart units out to open up the closed store of Irish background for the overall reader.
By Philippe Bernardet
Cet ouvrage met en ?vidence les fondements des principaux syst?mes l?gislatifs europ?ens concernant l'hospitalisation, le traitement, l. a. vie hors de l'h?pital, le suivi des malades mentaux, l'organisation g?n?rale du soin psychiatrique, dans leurs rapports, souvent complexes, avec le traitement de los angeles dangerosit? et le maintien de l'ordre public. Sommaire : De l'exclusion ? l'acc?s aux soins et ? l. a. dignit? du malade; Principales l?gislations europ?ennes et crit?res de contrainte; Les pouvoirs du juge et l. a. contrainte de soins en Europe; Le recours au droit dans les diff?rents will pay du conseil de l'Europe; L'apport des principes du droit foreign; Les difficult?s d'acc?s aux organes europ?ens de contr?le; Quelques conseils pratiques pour l'acc?s aux organes de l. a. conference europ?enne; Le rayonnement de l. a. jurisprudence de los angeles conference europ?enne sur los angeles r?alit? juridique des ?tats membres.